The Invisible Armada

Long live Afghanistaiwan!

By Alain Brossat It is understandable that the precipitous withdrawal of the United States from the Afghan quagmire produced on the Taiwanese ruling elites, engulfed in their mentality of protégées of the big brother from across the Pacific, the effect… Continue Reading →

種族滅絕變形記

各個世界悄然交鋒,大動干戈的欲望愈來愈藏不住,有些文字就在這個脈胳裡漸漸變成武器。文字要拿來做武器,先要加工一番,變得適合在戰場上運用才行。一眾新冷戰工程師和僱傭兵狂熱萬分,為此不遺餘力,很快就在這方面獲得專家級知識。   這個新格局其中一個關鍵詞,我們也寫了出來,那就是「種族滅絕」。在逐漸成形的論述戰裡,這個詞牽涉的事重要無比,既關乎政治又關乎哲學,好值得我們花力氣談一談,畢竟這些事每天都在注入養分,讓大家重新運用起「種族滅絕」這個詞來,一門虛無而頑固無比的種族滅絕修辭也就泛濫起來。   四月廿二號,有一班屈指可數的英國國會議員(不清楚有五位還是七位,無論如何也不夠十位,而這個龐大國會總共有六百五十位議員),耍程序把戲通過了一項議案,把中國政權在新彊「再教育」維吾爾人口的這波政治攻勢稱為種族滅絕,是違反人類利益的罪行。   這項議案一點司法價值也沒有,對英國政府完全沒有約束效用,所以只不過是寥寥無幾的政客在賣語意模糊的廣告,其他地方(特別是在美國)已經有類似的舉動,這次輪到他們接棒。這就像很多其他議案一樣,旨在讓人覺得把這波政治攻勢(包括囚禁大量人口,還有其他千夫所指的行為)命名為種族滅絕實在平常不過,甚至是無法可依時的大道理。然而就在議案通過前幾個禮拜,美國國務院司法顧問團隊交出了正式報告,表示儘管中國高層在新彊的某些行為(如強制勞動)應該可以界定為違反人類利益的罪行也好,都並不存在足夠證據把這些政策稱為種族滅絕。   這班英國國會反中說客大耍把戲,在英國被稱為「鬧劇」,兩日後卻變成《台北時報》的「breaking news」,篇幅還佔了六個欄位:「UK lawmakers call PRC’s Uyghur policies ’genocide’」。標題深思熟慮,分明扭曲事實,因為這個說法就會讓讀者以為是國會大多數議員通過了議案。內文沒有一處提到投票贊成議案的人其實少得不值一晒。不是只在泛濫成災的社交媒體上才有fake news散播的。   相反,那篇文章提到其中一個提出議案的人,那個人叫做甘妮[1],在新彊議題上反中很久,也因此遭中國政府制裁,她說的話就讓這一下粗製濫造的政治宣傳有趣起來了;甘妮就趁這次機會武斷地重新定義甚麼是種族滅絕,完全讓這個概念走偏了:「There is a misunderstanding that genocide is just one act — mass killing. That is false.[2]」還說一切在新彊昭然若揭,有人打算把一個(國族、種族、宗教)群體完全摧毀又或破壞一部分,符合種族滅絕的行為全都有了……   這班人大可以應徵語言宗師一職,唯我獨尊,全世界的政治哲學課本和字典也要亦步亦趨,換句話說,按照他們的說法,「種族滅絕」一詞一定要整個重新演繹,移到別處去,並擴展起來。從此,要令一個人類群體(不論用種族、宗教還是國藉來界定也好)從地上消失的這個意圖完全就淪為次要了。把一個群體消滅(而這就假定要有規律去做),這個種族滅絕的核心想法,那名英國說客就換成隨意可變的標準,由她「to destroy in whole or… Continue Reading →

The metamorphoses of genocide

By Alain Brossat. In a context of rampant war of the worlds, where the desires to cross swords are hidden less and less, words, certain words, tend to become weapons. In order to prepare them for this use, they should… Continue Reading →

Keyword « desinicization »

By Alain Brossat Can one both drive unrelenting agitation around the motive of the “cultural genocide” in Xinjiang and play with the idea of a “disinicization” of Taiwan? It would seem that the combination of the former and the latter… Continue Reading →

Gibraltar as an anlogy of Taiwan?

By Juan Alberto Ruiz Casado Creating analogies to illuminate the elusive nature of one object of study by comparing it with a more familiar one is a common form of explanation. But it also entails a conscious way of discursively… Continue Reading →

Genocide as a field of maneuver

By Alain Brossat  Le Monde has just converted to the US doxa of the “Uighur genocide” via its former correspondent in Beijing, Brice Pedroletti, a declared opponent of the Chinese regime and a patented “antitotalitarian” agitator not very bothered with… Continue Reading →

Three exemplary plebeians

By Alain Brossat Let us look at contemporary democracy from an unusual perspective, in several ways: firstly because I will not approach the question of democracy from its institutions (parties, elections, the rule of law…), its values (freedom of expression,… Continue Reading →

Xinjiang in field and reverse shot

By Alain Brossat For the first time since Tiananmen (1989), the European Union (followed later by the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada) has imposed sanctions against local high-ranking officials in Xinjiang, figures that it suspects, among other things,… Continue Reading →

It is not sheer racism against “Asians-Americans”, but Sinophobia due to a dehumanizing anti-China narrative

By Juan Alberto Ruiz Casado   Just a few days ago, the US President, Mr. Biden, issued a Memorandum Condemning and Combating Racism, Xenophobia, and Intolerance against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States, calling out against “vicious… Continue Reading →

從敵人文化掙脫出來

摘要 本文為西歐與東亞的敵人文化對比研究,首先分析西歐民族國家的敵人文化形成與強化因素,以及自第二次世界大戰結束,西歐國家的共鄰關係改變,國家與人民的敵人文化逐漸弱化之過程。與之對比的是東亞地區敵人文化在新冷戰脈絡下的進程與增強趨勢。本文分析敵人文化如何成為戰爭陷阱又如何盤旋上升不斷加劇,而透過歷史災難經驗 « 旅行 »和持續對談討論或可理出掙脫敵人文化的可能途徑。

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